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in early may, i went to hubei with our team. before, every time i went to hubei province for the purpose of traveling the three gorges and wudang, but it was different this time, because i especially visited old revolutionary base areas and the scenic area of three kingdoms. i should mention gulongzhong in xiangyang. i found the shortage of my knowledge about the three kingdoms when i went here. i really should have read three kingdoms rather than plum in a golden vase. there was only a little impression in the mind, which i had learned from yi zhongtian. i promised my leaders to learn more about it when i went back.
when we went there, it was raining. i saw neat houses, high and upright bamboos, swinging trees, charming river in gulongzhong. lotus leaves swayed with wind and rain. it was silent around except the sound of rain. i didn't know why the rain made me feel it slightly sacred, and suddenly i had a feeling in an unknown world.
now scattered courtyards, tall old trees, green pines and cypress in a quiet environment came into view. it was said that young zhuge liang lived in seclusion here for decades.
the tour guide was a native local girl, she used to say that it was a truth that there were numerous stories of three kingdoms in hubei. among 120 chapters of three kingdoms, 75 chapters happened in hubei, and 44 chapters in these 75 chapters happened in xiangfan. we asked her whether zhuge liang memorial hall in xiangyang was authentic or not, because it was said that there were 7 zhuge liang memorial halls which were listed into national cultural relics protection units. the size of zhuge liang memorial hall in nanyang city, henan province was large. on hearing this, the little girl was a bit excited.
according to historical records, it was a dispute which was the authentic memorial place of zhuge liang from ancient times. among them, the most famous contest for authentic zhuge liang memorial hall took place between gulongzhong in xiangyang of hubei and wolong hillock in nanyang of henan. zhuge liang memorial halls in both places had a long history. the memorial hall in longzhong was built in the jin dynasty and retained the style of primitive simplicity. the memorial hall in nanyang was built in the tang dynasty, which was even more magnificent. both of them regarded themselves as the place where zhuge liang tilled and contested for the authentic title of zhuge liang memorial hall. therefore, they sued lawsuits. the faction of longzhong took the phrase of "longzhong" in conversation in longzhong as its evidence, while the faction of nanyang took nanyang in the sentence that" i was originally an ordinary farmer who tilled in nanyang," which was mentioned in memorial before a battle as its evidence. there was a fierce argument between them. until the period of xianfeng in the qing dynasty, gu jiaheng who came from xiangyang became a governor in nanyang, but it might be a little difficult for him to perform his duty, because this lawsuit was submitted to him, and he should deal with it fairly. if he favored his native land and gave the authentic title to xiangyang, people in nanyang would protest against him.
people in xiangyang thought that a person from xiangyang acted as the governor in nanyang, he should hold justice for their native land, and gave the authentic title of zhuge liang memorial hall to gulongzhong. otherwise, they would not let him come back. both sides didn't make some concessions until the governor stated his opinion. gu jiaheng listened to the views of both sides and made no immediate comments. instead, he stated that the court was over, and he would judge it the next day. on the next morning, both sides went to the court and waited for the judgment, but they saw gu jiaheng took the four treasures of scholars and wrote an antithetical couplet that the heart stayed in the imperial court regardless of previous or latter master; the place was well known whether it was xiangyang or nanyang. when the couplet was written, people in xiangyang and nanyang were convinced and they admired the wisdom of governor gu. from then on, the argument was complete. then, where did zhuge liang tilled? as long as we knew the knowledge of historical geography at that time, it was not difficult to recognize it. longzhong belonged to nanyang county in the han dynasty, so zhuge liang called himself "a farmer in nanyang". longzhong belonged to xiangyang after the ming dynasty, but xiangyang and nanyang belonged to hubei province and henan province respectively, so a dispute took place.
in fact, there was only one place where zhuge liang tilled. it was gulongzhong. a team of chinese experts held a seminar in sichuan later, and determined that the authentic place of zhuge liang memorial hall was located at gulongzhong in xiangyang finally. there were actually a lot of evidences. we need not mention conversation in longzhong at first. first of all, from the perspective of interpersonal relationship of zhuge liang, his teacher mr. shuijing who was sima hui who was mentioned in three kingdoms lived in nanzhang county, xiangyang city. there was no doubt about his former residence which still existed; xu shu was zhuge liang's old friend and classmate. he was mentioned in the three kingdoms. he was forced to act as an officer in the state of cao, but he did not provide a solution to cao cao, so he was known as a person who was in the state of cao but thought of the han dynasty. he also came from nanzhang county. zhu geliang's wife huang yueying was an ugly woman who came from huangjiawan in the west of xiangyang.
it was needless to know whether huang yueying was ugly or beautiful. it could be known by watching her photo. it was not caused by my poor ability of photography. it was induced by reflection of glass.
hall of three calls, as the name implied, was built in memory of liu bei who visited the thatched cottage for many times. it was said that liu bei had tied his horse here when he visited the thatched cottage for many times. the descendants built a courtyard here, and called hall of three calls. it displayed memorial before a battle that waswritten by yue fei. there were statues of liu bei, guan yu and zhang fei in hall of three calls. there were three cypress trees with which liu bei, guan yu and zhang fei tied their horses in front of the door. the original tree died naturally. there was no doubt that the existing tree was plated by the descendants.
zhuge liang tilled in the farmland and lived in seclusion for 30 years. here, he spent his life, began to develop his ability. from the beginning of three kingdoms and the prosperity in the state of shu to the fatuous emperor liu chan, death of zhuge liang, collapse of the state of shu, from the wartime to management of the state in peaceful times, he worked hard and didn't cease till his death for the revitalization of the han dynasty. the shu state might lack an emperor but it could lack zhuge liang.
the mighty river was flowing to the east, the waves were flushing, and there were famous men here. every era had the wisdom and romance in each era.