position： home page> travel around longzhong> longzhong strategy
at 7:40 on april 4, i took the flight of air china ca1385 (departure at 07:40 and arrival at 09:40) to directly go to xiangyang from beijing, and then i took the bus at the airport to the downtown. at 11:00, i checked in at home inn (the store in renmin plaza, no. 88 in jiefang road, near yintai supermarket, telephone no. is 0710-3626999). after lunch, i directly took no. 512 bus to gulongzhong scenic area (gulongzhong scenic area was 13 km far from xiangyang city. it took about 1 hour there and the final bus was 18:30).
at 13:00, i arrived at gulongzhong scenic area and i began traveling around it. gulongzhong scenic area (ticket was 63 yuan/person) was the place where zhuge liang lived in seclusion when he was 17-27 years old. it abounded in humanistic landscape. it had a history of more than 1700 years. now it was a national 4a-class scenic area. gulongzhong scenic area could be divided into three parts including left part, middle part and right part. the attractions in the middle part included stone archway, gonggengtian, old dragon cave, nanshan pavilion, three kingdoms' cultural village, etc. the attractions in the left part included heptachord board, chessboard rock, baoxi rock, etc. the attractions in the right part included sangu hall, zhuge thatched cottage, zhuge liang memorial hall, longzhong academy, tenglong pavilion, etc.the attractions in the right part were the main scenic area.
entering the front gate, i saw the stone archway. this memorial archway was built by cheng wenbing who was the provincial commander-in-chief in hubei in 1893. it was about 6 meters in height and about 10 meters in length. it was built with bluestone and it was a four-column and three-archway building. it was engraved with patterns such as two phoenixes facing the rising sun, deer and crane with longevity, kylin bringing children, and red tigers, etc. the memorial archway was engraved with gulongzhong in its front and dan bo ming zhi, ning jing zhi yuan on both sides. the gate posts on both sides were engraved with "visits to the thatched cottage for national strategy and the heart of an old courtier who established and assisted two reigns". the archway was engraved with san dai xia yi ren in the back, which praised that zhuge liang had been the greatest person since the xia, shang and zhou dynasties. the gate posts on both sides were engraved with bo zhong zhi jian jian yi lv, zhi hui ruo ding shi xiao cao. there was a lotus pond in the back of the stone archway, where a wind lotus accompanying the moon pavilion was built. it was very graceful and interesting.
when i walked upwards along the road in the right of the memorial archway, i arrived at academy of classical learning in longzhong. the main body of the academy of classical learning in longzhong was the exhibition halls of zhuge liang and gulongzhong in xiangyang. the hall introduced the historical background of zhuge liang and details of visits to the thatched cottage for many times and conservation in longzhong with sand tables, sculptures and sound & photo-electricity forms. the main hall of academy of classical learning in longzhong was called jingli hall, which meant to restore the difficult process of departure from the thatched cottage from accumulation to application. the wing rooms on both sides of jingli hall respectively introduced zhuge liang's life, outstanding military feats and profound strategies. in the front of jingli hall stood the statue of young zhuge liang who held a feather fan and wore a scarf of black silk ribbon. it was a pity that this statue was dirty and slightly not graceful.
i walked along the road and saw zhuge liang memorial hall in a short distance. zhuge liang memorial hall is a storied building with four rows of houses and three yards. the third row of houses had a round ridge roof and the others had a single-eave flush gable roof. the middle yard had left and right bungalows and two high ancient cypress trees which decorated the simplicity of zhuge liang memorial hall. the front gate was made of brick carving archway with high wood-imitation structure.the buildings in the hall consisted of wood frame and flush gable roof. the ridge was decorated. it was simple, graceful and diversified and featured strong regional styles. there were a pair of vivid and exquisite stone lions in the front. there was relief of running horses and dancing phoenix, etc. on the sumeru podium-style base, which had high artistic level.
there was a pavilion-style building in the northeast corner of the palace in zhuge liang memorial hall. it was copper drum pavilion, which was built by liu ji to place zhuge copper drum in 1933.zhuge copper drum was unearthed in guangxi in the period of tongzhi in the qing dynasty, which was donated by li chengsi who was a provincial treasurer. the copper drum was about 0.67 meters in height and 0.6 meters in diameter. four toads were cast around it. it was exquisite. it was said that it was a war drum when zhuge liang captured meng huo for seven times. when it was put upright, it could be beaten, and the sound was loud. when it was put in reverse, it could be used a cooker. it could be used for two purposes, so it was a precious cultural relic.
after zhuge liang memorial hall, i saw sangu hall which was a memorial hall of visiting the thatched cottage for many times and conservation with zhuge liang in longzhong. sangu hall was built in 1720. there were clear ponds, fragrant lotus, flourishing woods and tall bamboo bushes outside it. and there were golden horizontal inscribed boards, ancient stele, which had high values of historical research and calligraphic and artistic research.
after sangu hall, there was octagonal zhuge thatched cottage with a sharp roof. zhuge liang lived in longzhong when he was 17-27 years old. the thatched cottage was the place where zhuge liang lived. the octagonal shape of thatched cottage originated from the eight tactical arrays designed by zhuge liang. it was surrounded by the wood carving ambulatory. the front board with zhuge cao lu was written by guo moruo in 1973.the interior board with zhuge lu was written by yu youren who was the head of supervision department of nationalist government in 1940.the rear board with nanyang zhuge lu was written by fu fengju who was the magistrate of nanyang in 1894.
outside the thatched cottage, when i walked about 50 meters upwards, i saw wolongshenchu. wolongshenchu was built in 1729, which was the place where zhuge liang and his friends gathered together.it was surrounded by mountains. pine and cranes always cried and the yard was quiet and profound. there were animated statues of celebrities such as pang degong, huang chengyan, pang tong, and yound zhuge liang, etc. there were 8 steles inlaid in the both sides of ambulatory. one stele which recorded the issue of repairing in 1729 stood in the middle of the yard.
when i walked along the road in wolongshenchu for about 200 meters, i saw tenglong pavilion. this ten-storey tenglong pavilion was a building which was repaired in modern times. the bottom of tenglong pavilion was used for tourists to have a rest and dining. the third, fifth, seventh and ninth storeys were observation towers. the second, fourth, sixth, eighth storeys were used to introduce the events of zhuge liang.